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  • a Turkic language.

  • a national language for 70 million speakers in Turkey and over 80 million speakers worldwide.

  • Turkish is also known as Anatolian.

  • The Turkish name for the language is Türkçe.

  • Turkish is a member of the Turkish family of languages, which, in addition to Turkish, includes Balkan Gagauz Turkish, Gagauz, and Khorosani Turkish. The Turkish family is a subgroup of the Southern Turkic languages, which is a member of the Altaic language family.

  • Dialects of Turkish include Danubian, Eskişehir (spoken in Eskişehir Province), Razgrad, Dinler, Rumelian, Karamanli (spoken in Karaman Province), Edirne (spoken in Edirne), Gaziantep (spoken in Gaziantep Province), Urfa (spoken in Şanlıurfa Province).

  • One of the characteristic features of Turkish is the vowel harmony - if the first vowel of a Turkish word is a front vowel, the second and other vowels of the same word are usually the same vowel or another front vowel; e.g. Erdem).

  • Turkish, like Finnish and Hungarian, is an agglutinative language. It is known for having an abundance of suffixes and very few prefixes. Word order in Turkish is Subject- Object-Verb similar to Japanese and Latin, but unlike English.


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