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  • one of the Dravidian languages.

  • one of the Classical languages of the world.

  • Tamil Literature spans across the space of 2500 years.

  • it was the first language to develop a distinct prose form of writing among the classical languages of the world.

  • Tamil's origins are independent of Sanskrit (which belongs to the Indo-European language family and is the ancestor of many Indian languages), but it has borrowed a number of words from Sanskrit in recent centuries. Quite significantly for its age, Tamil seems to have undergone minimal changes and adaptations over the years.

  • Tamil is a member of the Tamil languages group of languages, along with Irula, Kaikadi, Betta Kurumba, Sholaga, Yerukula. The Tamil languages are a subgroup of the Tamil-Malayalam languages, which in turn is a subgroup of Tamil-Kodagu languages, a subgroup of Tamil-Kannada-Telugu languages.

  • Tamil is spoken mainly in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Other areas where Tamil is also spoken include Sri Lanka, Singapore, and Malaysia.

  • Dialects of Tamil identified by the Ethnologue are: Adi Dravida, Aiyar, Aiyangar, Arava, Burgandi, Kasuva, Kongar, Korava, Korchi, Madrasi, Parikala, Pattapu Bhasha, Sri Lanka Tamil, Malaya Tamil, Burma Tamil, South Africa Tamil, Tigalu, Harijan, Sanketi, Hebbar, Tirunelveli, Madurai.

  • Malayalam developed from a dialect of Tamil called Koduntamil or Malaithamil (literally Tamil of the mountains), spoken by the people around the hilly ranges bordering Kerala and Tamil Nadu states.

  • Tamil has its own writing system, which is similar to the Brahmi script of ancient India.


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