Online Language Courses  


  • The Czech language is a west Slavic language closely related to Slovak.

  • It is written in the Roman (Latin) alphabet.

  • Czech has seven noun cases, two numbers, three persons in the verb,three tenses (present, past, and future), two voices, and three moods (indicative, imperative, and conditional or subjunctive), and it marks verbs for perfective (completedaction) and imperfective (action in process or uncompleted action) aspects.

  • All dialects of Slovak and Czech are mutually comprehensible, for there are no sharp linguistic frontiers.

  • Because of its complexity, Czech is said to be a difficult language to learn. The complexity is due to extensive morphology and highly free word order. As in any Slavic language, many words (esp. nouns, verbs, and adjectives) have many forms. Moreover the rules are extremelly irregular and many forms have official, colloquial and sometimes semi-official variants. The word order serves similar function as emphasis and articles in English. Often all the permutations of words in a clause are possible.
  • Czech's phonology may also be very difficult for speakers of many other languages. For example, some words do not appear to have vowels: zmrzl, ztvrdl, scvrkl, čtvrthrst. The consonants l and r, however, function as sonorants and thus fulfill the role of a vowel. A similar phenomenon also occurs American English (bird is pronounced as [brd] with a syllabic r). It also features the consonant ř, a phoneme that is said to be unique to Czech and quite difficult for foreigners to pronounce (it's close a sound that would be written as rzh in English).
  • The cases of Czech are nominative, accusative, genitive, dative, instrumental, locative, and vocative. The numbers are singular, plural, and remains of dual. The genders are masculine animate, masculine inanimate, feminine, and neuter.


Online Dictionaries
Online Newspapers
Online TV & Radio Stations
Other resources
© Copyright 2002-2005 Language Directory All Rights Reserved.

The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL