Online Language Courses  
  • The Latvian Language - Alphabet, grammar, dialect map, comparative texts, and a Latvian-English dictionary.
  • Learning Latvian - Introductory lessons with sound support. The early lessons use graphics to represent the diacritical marks, while later lessons require fonts to be installed.


  • The Latvian language is spoken by 1.5 million people primarily by the Latvian population in Latvia, where it is the official language, and secondarily by the non-Latvian population in the same country.
  • Latvian is one of two extant Baltic languages, a group of its own within the family of Indo-European languages.
  • It formed until 16th century on the basis of Latgalian accumulating Curonian, Semigallian and Selic languages (all are Baltic languages). Both Latvian and Lithuanian languages are considered to be the most archaic of still-spoken Indo-European languages. The closest ties they have are to Slavic and Germanic families.
  • Like most of the Indo-European languages, Latvian employs modified Roman script including 33 letters. The alphabet lacks the letters q, w, x, y, but contains the letters ā, č, ē, ģ, ī, ķ, ļ, ņ, š, ū, ž. Ö is only used in the Latgalic dialect, its use in the official Latvian language has been cancelled in the 1940s. Every phoneme has its own letter, so you can always guess how to pronounce a word when you read it. The stress with some exceptions is on the first syllable.
  • Latvian is an inflective language with several analytical forms, three dialects, and German syntactical influence. There are two grammatical genders in Latvian. Each noun is declined in seven cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, locative, and vocative.
  • The oldest known examples of written Latvian are from a 1585 catechism.
Online Dictionaries
Online Newspapers
Online TV & Radio Stations
Other resources
  • Latgalian - Information on the dialect spoken in the eastern part of Latvia.
  • Latvian Fonts - Windows fonts to handle the diacritical marks.
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