Online Language Courses  


  • belongs to the Iranian subbranch of the the Indo-European family of languages. Kurdish language is an independent language, having its own historical development, continuity, grammatical system and rich living vocabularies. The Kurdish language was derived from the ancient "Median" language or "Proto-Kurdish".
  • spoken by more than twenty million Kurds, a seminomadic people inhabiting the region of Kurdistân in southwestern Asia (parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey).
  • Kurdish dialects can be divided into three primaries groups: the Northern Kurdish dialects group also called Kurmanji and Badínaní; Central Kurdish dialects group also called Sorani (see also basic linguistic differences between these two major branches) and the Southern Kurdish dialects group also called Pehlewaní or "Pahlawanik" group in some sources. The two other major branches of Kurdish language are, Dimílí group also called "Zaza" and Hewramí group also called Goraní (Gúraní) in some sources. These are further divided into scores of dialects and sub-dialects as well.
  • Kurdish in Iran and Iraq is written using the Modified Arabic alphabet. In Turkey and Syria, it is written using the Modified Latin alphabet (Kurdish alphabet). In these modified alphabet, special letters are used for particular vowels. The modified Arabic alphabet is the standard writing system in Iraqi Kurdistan and Iranian Kurdistan. On the other hand, the modified Latin alphabet is used mainly for Kurmancî dialect in Turkey and Syria.
Online Dictionaries
Online Newspapers
© Copyright 2002-2007 Language Directory All Rights Reserved.

The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL