Marathi is an Indo-Aryan language of western and central India.
It is used by 68 million people in India (Maharashtra
and adjacent states).
It is spoken in the areas in
the north of Bombay down to the western coast past Goa and eastward across
As from 1966 it is the
official language of the state of Maharashtra. The standard form of speech
is that of the city of Pune (Poona).
Marathi is at least one thousand years old, and derives its grammar and
syntax from the older Sanskrit. Marathi can also be spelt as Maharashtri,
Maharathi, Malhatee or Marthi.
is the Indo-Aryan language most closely related to Marathi.
Marathi has a long
Dnyaneshwar ranks as the most important and earliest literateur known in the
Marathi language. Dnyaneshwar wrote Bhaavarth-Dipika which is also known as
Dnyaneshwari. Other prominent saint-poets include Eknāth, Tukarām, and
Nāmdev, who enriched Marathi from the grass-roots level. Marathi probably
has the richest saint-literature of all Indian languages.